POV of Manish Uprety FRAS and Jainendra Karn
Manish Uprety FRAS is a former diplomat and ALCAP special adviser for Asia and Africa and Jainendra Karn is a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). Any views or opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of IDN-InDepth News.
NEW DELHI (IDN) — A recent Tweet by Piers Morgan on the impending and inevitable collapse of the UK recalled one of the February 2022 Twitter posts titled “Will Britain’s tightrope strategy allow Argentina to reclaim Malvinas (Falklands) in 2023-24?.”
An exchange with Twitter Falklands Wars: History of the Falkland Islands on the issue has been very rewarding. It brought back memories of past interaction with Mateo Abel Brunetti, then representative of the Argentine Republic in the MERCOSUR Youth Parliament, PARLASUR, who mentioned that Argentina had been waiting since 2003 to have a dialogue with Britain. at the United Nations on the Falklands – Question of the Falklands.
Jainendra Karn & Manish Uprety FRAS>
Although the Ukraine-Russia conflict has occupied the global media space since late February, it seems that the Malvinas-Falkland issue is slowly gaining prominence within the international community.
During his visit to New Delhi in April 2022, Argentine Foreign Minister Santiago Cafiero, while praising Indo-Argentinian ties and discussing bilateral issues like defense and atomic energy, also raised the Malvinas- Falklands.
In his article published on April 2 in The Guardian, Minister Cafiero had affirmed that the dispute with Great Britain was not settled with the “cessation of hostilities” in 1982 and called for the resumption of bilateral dialogue.
There is indeed merit in his argument that the mere result of an armed conflict between Argentina and Britain cannot settle a territorial dispute like the Malvinas-Falkland Islands.
In the early 20th century, when Britannia ruled the waves, Argentina was one of the wealthiest places on earth. In 1913, Argentina was richer than France or Germany, almost twice as prosperous as Spain.
With the rise of the United States in the 20th century, like Great Britain, Argentina too gradually lost this privileged position. The country has failed to generate growth-supporting institutions despite its wealth, and a series of adverse external shocks have disadvantaged its former successful growth model.
The rise of the United States, which was once a British colony, inspired many other countries to take inspiration from the struggle for American independence. In his appeal to Indians to resist British rule, Mahatma Gandhi often referenced and drew inspiration from the American Revolution.
In fact, Gandhi’s nonviolent and peaceful activism against the British sparked America’s interest in the Indian independence movement. The US administration was not prepared to support British colonial rule over India forever and the US Congress, media and public remained loyal to India’s cause.
A resolution proposed by Senator John J Blain of Wisconsin on July 17, 1930 directed the State Department to ensure a just and peaceful settlement of the Indian situation. He condemned Britain’s Indian policy for being responsible for “the most atrocious repression and inhumane conduct”.
The pressure of American public opinion, the anti-imperialist position of the Soviet Union and Chinese support for the cause of India’s freedom (China was then governed by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek) forced the Great Britain to accept in principle that the transfer of power to India was ‘sine qua non’ at the end of the war.
On April 14, 2022, Russia urged Argentina and Britain to resume sovereignty talks over the Falkland Islands to settle the sovereignty dispute in accordance with UN resolutions. China has also proclaimed its support for Argentina’s claims to the Falkland Islands.
The UK has objected to China backing Argentina’s claim to the Falkland Islands and British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss was quick to reject ‘any questions about Falkland sovereignty’ outright. ; the essential question remains whether contemporary Britain is in a position of influence or importance to blow the winds in its own direction.
As of December 2020, UK general government gross debt was £2,206.5 billion, or 104.5% of its GDP. With inflation in the UK hitting 7% in 2022, there is a big risk that half a million children will be pushed into poverty. The cost of living crisis could push more than a million people into destitution in Britain.
Poverty is steadily increasing in Britain and not only the UK Poverty Report 2022 but also the Institute of Development Studies makes a stark mention of it. It was truly appalling that 22% of the UK population lived in poverty even before the pandemic, but the Covid-19 crisis has pushed poor households even deeper into poverty.
The recent episode of Councilor Diana Butler of UKIP, the party that successfully led Britain’s independence from the EU through its BREXIT campaign, shows that there is significant dissonance in Britain and among the public Britain on important international strategic issues.
Britain is one of the main voices of economic sanctions against Russia, but as the conflict in Ukraine enters its third month, the Russian ruble has become the best performing currency in the world against the US dollar, while that Russia has almost doubled its monthly income from the sale of fossil fuels. to the EU.
Diana Butler had claimed that the Russian attack on Ukraine could have been prompted by the actions of the Ukrainian government, while the British public is more likely to believe that BREXIT has strengthened the British response to the Ukraine crisis rather than ‘weaken.
Britain’s past is tainted by its history of colonization, slavery, rapacious plunder, plunder and exploitation on an unprecedented scale, and continued wrongdoing and irresponsibility even as a member United Nations P-5.
It was not just the recent fiasco in Afghanistan but also support for Pakistan in the Bangladeshi genocide of 1971 that led to the creation of Bangladesh, the list of British shenanigans around the world is endless.
It is very easy for Britain to blame the United States for the invasion of Iraq and for Tony Blair to convert to Roman Catholicism to wash away his sins which lead to the death and destruction of innocent people, but are they the mark of a responsible nation, especially it’s a P-5 member.
The United Nations specifically recognized the Malvinas Falklands territorial dispute in 1965 and defined Resolution 2065, encouraging urgent negotiations between Argentina and Britain.
There have been new demands from the region to recognize Argentina’s call to discuss sovereignty over the Falkland Islands, such as the Latin American and Caribbean Parliament, but Britain has refused to negotiate at time and time again, what Argentina asserts is not “in accordance with international law”. ”
Whether the UK could be ‘thrown into the sea’ by an underwater Russian nuclear strike is a rhetorical question, but the things that come to such a state are not just a sad commentary on the failure of international diplomacy, dialogue and peacekeeping in the 21st century, but also the growing irrelevance of Britain and Europe which were once a sort of backwater of Asia and their people among the poorest in the world.
Clinging in desperation might be the English way, but will it help when the writing on the wall says the lines on the map can move not only from side to side, but also from North to south.
All of this couldn’t come at a worse time. The Office for Budget Responsibility predicts that real household incomes in Britain will fall by 2.2% in 2022 and that Britons will experience the biggest drop in living standards since records began in 1956. The surge in the Inflation has forced cash-strapped Britons to hire coffins before having their loved ones buried in cardboard.
Peace is the only path to progress and prosperity. And who better to be an apostle of peace and non-violence than Mahatma Gandhi, on whose birthday the UN celebrates the International Day of Non-Violence on October 2 each year.
Even Britain recognized Mahatma Gandhi’s contributions by unveiling his status in Westminster’s Parliament Square in 2015, albeit alongside that of Winston Churchill whose hatred of Mahatma Gandhi and Indians is well known.
Who knows if Britain, following the path of peace as shown by Mahatma Gandhi, might agree to give the Falklands to Argentina, just as British India was induced to create and agreed to giving Pakistan to its Muslim population through the Indian Independence Act of 1947 duly passed by the British parliament. ? Everything is possible.
Sinn Féin is set to become the biggest political force for the first time in a century and the issue of Irish reunification is already in the air with the elections in Northern Ireland. Britons like Piers Morgan openly predict the “inevitable collapse” of the UK.
But the world cannot afford to have another flashpoint in the aftermath of the conflict in Ukraine. Another 78-day Falklands War between Britain and Argentina like in 1982 is unimaginable and would be a disaster in the 21st century.
And for a rapidly declining power like Britain that is a faint shadow of its past, the sooner it moves towards settling its international disputes, the better. Any passage of time will only diminish and weaken one’s ability to bargain and bargain because procrastination as a political measure only brings diminishing returns.
During the recent visit to India by the Argentine Foreign Minister, Santiago Cafiero, the Commission for Dialogue on the Question of the Malvinas Islands was launched by the Argentine Government.
The Commission seeks to promote compliance with United Nations resolutions and statements by other international bodies on the Malvinas Islands issue, which call for the resumption of negotiations between Argentina and Great Britain.
The settlement of international disputes and the maintenance of peace and security are imperatives for the international community. The Charter of the United Nations aims for the peaceful settlement of disputes and the UN has always recommended diplomacy and advocated dialogue for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
The pursuit of peace is more important than ever, and the sooner the Malvinas-Falklands dispute is settled, the better it will be for the two countries – Britain and Argentina – their peoples and for the world. [IDN-InDepthNews – 14 May 2022]
Pictured: The British destroyer HMS Coventry (D118) underway in the Atlantic Ocean, circa 1981. In the background is the United States Navy frigate USS Bagley (FF-1069). Wikimedia Commons.
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